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Gum Disease

Brooklyn City Dental

Cosmetic and General Dentists & All-on-4 Specialist located in Greenpoint Brooklyn, NY, Brooklyn, NY

Up to 47% of Americans age 30 and older have gum disease, like gingivitis or periodontitis. If your gums are red, sensitive, or swollen, it’s vital to seek professional help. At Brooklyn Dental Spa, in the Greenpoint neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York City, the team of expert dentists provides complete care for gum disease, including scaling and root planing and antibiotic therapy. To make an appointment, call the office or book online today.

Gum Disease Q & A

What is gum disease?

Gum disease occurs when your gums become infected. There are several types, but Brooklyn City Dental specializes in treating two types in particular:


Gingivitis occurs when plaque –– a film of saliva, food particles, and bacteria –– collects beneath your gums and on the surface of your teeth. Over time, the buildup irritates your gums, causing them to turn a bright red and bleed.


Periodontitis occurs when gingivitis goes untreated. It’s a more serious infection that causes your gums to recede. Pockets form around your teeth due to gum recession, allowing harmful bacteria and plaque to collect. 

What are the symptoms of gum disease?

The symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Bright red or purple gums
  • Gums that feel tender
  • Gums that bleed
  • Bad breath
  • Pain when eating
  • New spaces developing between your teeth

As gum disease gets worse, you might also experience loose teeth or changes in your bite.

When should I see a specialist about gum disease?

Make an appointment at Brooklyn City Dental for gum disease treatment, if you experience symptoms like red, irritated, or sensitive gums and it’s been more than six months since your last oral exam. That’s especially true if you smoke, drink alcohol, or have an underlying health problem that increases your risk of infection, like diabetes.

How is gum disease diagnosed?

Brooklyn City Dental diagnoses gum disease during an in-office visit.

Your provider reviews your oral health history and asks about your symptoms, including when they started and if your gums bleed when you brush or floss. 

Next, they conduct an oral exam, looking for plaque and tartar buildup or receding gums. Your provider also measures the depth of the gum pockets and takes a series of oral X-rays. If your provider determines that you have gum disease, they make treatment recommendations.

How is gum disease treated?

Treatment of gum disease depends on a range of factors, including the severity of the infection and its impact on your oral health. Brooklyn City Dental might recommend:

  • Scaling and root planing
  • Antibiotic therapy
  • Flap surgery (pocket reduction surgery)
  • Soft tissue grafts
  • Bone grafting
  • Guided tissue regeneration
  • Tissue-stimulating proteins

The goal of treatment is to stop the infection, prevent it from spreading, and restore your oral health. 

To learn more about the treatment options for gum disease, make an appointment at Brooklyn City Dental by calling the office or booking online today.


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